Corn Tar Spot Update

Author:  Darcy Telenko

Local epidemics of corn tar spot have growers worried in Indiana about how their corn will finish out the season.

The tar spot pathogen, Phyllachora maydis, was first identified in the United States in 2015 in Illinois and Indiana. Currently we do not understand the biology or epidemiology of this disease. There is very limited and incomplete information about this disease from its native region of Latin America. We are collaborating with the Kleczewski Lab (Univ. of Illinois), Smith Lab (Univ. Wisconsin) and others in the North Central region to determine the distribution of tar spot and gather any information we can about hybrid susceptibility or other environmental observations.

What we know or don’t know to date:

  1. Hybrids may differ in susceptibility
  2. Use of fungicides as a management tool is UNKNOWN
  3. Moisture/leaf wetness may play a role (see image below where in the valley of the field is senescing)
  4. This disease has been seen in the Indiana every year since 2015
  5. Likely overwinters – crop residue? Weeds or other plants?

What to look for: Small, black, raised spots (circular or oval) develop on infected plants, and may appear on one or both sides of the leaves, leaf sheaths, and husks. Spots may be found on both healthy (green) and dying (brown) tissue. Often, the black spots are surrounded by a tan or brown halo; this is especially obvious on healthy leaves (see images).

A multitude of tar spots on a corn leaf. (Photo Darcy Telenko)

A multitude of tar spots on a corn leaf. (Photo Credit:  Darcy Telenko)

 

Tar spot in a hybrid field. (Photo: Darcy Telenko)

Tar spot in a hybrid field. (Photo Credit: Darcy Telenko)

 

The map shows current distribution in India – 2018 counties are in red.

Spot of Corn in Indiana as of September 5, 2018. (Image: Darcy Telenko)

Figure 1: Distribution of Tar Spot of Corn in Indiana as of September 5, 2018. (Image Credit: Darcy Telenko)

 

Wanted:  We need samples of corn infected with tar spot, especially in counties where is has not been reported.    If you have (or think you have) corn tar spot, please collect several leaves showing the symptoms and send them with a PPDL form https://ag.purdue.edu/btny/ppdl/Documents/Forms/PPDL-Form_13MAY15FILLABLE.pdf. There will be no charge for corn tar spot samples since they are needed for research.

Please wrap the leaves in newspaper and ship in a large envelope. Please ship early in the week. If you are sending samples from multiple locations please label them and provide the date collected, variety of corn, field zip code or county, and previous crop.

Mail to: Plant and Pest Diagnostic Laboratory
LSPS-Room 116, Purdue University
915 W. State Street
West Lafayette, Indiana 47907-2054

We have many questions about why this disease has become such an issue. Why is it so bad this season? What changed? We will keep you updated as we learn more, so stay tuned.

Question please contact Darcy Telenko (dtelenko@purdue.edu/764-496-5168) or Gail Ruhl (765-494-7071)

 

 

Share This Article
It is the policy of the Purdue University that all persons have equal opportunity and access to its educational programs, services, activities, and facilities without regard to race, religion, color, sex, age, national origin or ancestry, marital status, parental status, sexual orientation, disability or status as a veteran. Purdue is an Affirmative Action Institution. This material may be available in alternative formats. 1-888-EXT-INFO Disclaimer: Reference to products in this publication is not intended to be an endorsement to the exclusion of others which may have similar uses. Any person using products listed in this publication assumes full responsibility for their use in accordance with current directions of the manufacturer.
Pest&Crop newsletter - Department of Entomology Purdue University 901 W. State St. West Lafayette, IN 47907

© 2018 Purdue University | An equal access/equal opportunity university | Copyright Complaints | Maintained by Pest&Crop newsletter

If you have trouble accessing this page because of a disability, please contact Pest&Crop newsletter at luck@purdue.edu.