Yearly Injury and Fatality Summary Report

Our aim is to develop the most comprehensive database on confined spaces and grain entrapments in the U.S. If you have experienced an incident or you know someone who experienced an incident please use our report an incident form to report the case. By reporting the case you help us complete our database and provide important information to policymakers and researchers that help them develop policies and solutions that save lives.

Agricultural Confined Spaces

2015

"...In 2015, there were 24 documented grain entrapment cases, six falls into or from grain storage structures, six equipment entanglements (including augers), four asphyxiations, four drownings and three cases in which the victim was struck or pinned by a heavy object while working in an agricultural confined space (Figure 1). Grain entrapments accounted for 51% of the documented cases. For incident types with more than one case, asphyxiations and drownings constituted those incidents with the highest fatality rate reported at 75%, while grain entrapments ranked third with a 58% fatality rate."

"The 47 confined space cases represent a 34% decrease in number of cases from 2014, when 71 were recorded. In fact, this year was the lowest number of confined space cases since 2006 (Figure 2). The five-year average has dipped significantly to 60.4 cases per year, the lowest fiveyear average since 2008. This marks the first significant decrease since the five-year average started to steadily increase in 2002 from 36.8 cases per year."

For all details and information, see the full 2015 Summary Report.


2014

"...In 2014, there were no fewer than 38 grain entrapment cases, 12 falls, 8 equipment entanglements (including augers), 9 fire related injuries and 3 asphyxiations that were identified as occurring in an agricultural confined space (Figure 1). Grain entrapments accounted for 54% of the documented cases. For incident types with more than one case, asphyxiations constituted the most dangerous with a reported 67% fatality rate, while grain entrapments ranked fourth with a 45% fatality rate. Again, it is believed that most confined space incidents are under-reported especially those resulting in non-fatal grain entrapment and involving being overcome by exposure to toxic environments.

"The 70 confined space cases represent a 4% increase in number of cases from 2013 when 67 cases were recorded. The previous three years (2010, and 2011, 2012) experienced 100, 64 and 46 documented cases respectively (Figure 2). The five-year average continues at a relatively high level of 69.4, slightly below the peak of 74.8 in 2011. Since 2002, the five-year average has increased steadily from 36.8 cases per year to an average of 52.6 cases per year in 2008, 61.2 in 2009, and 70.8 in 2010, and peaking in 2011 with 74.8 cases.

For all details and information, see the full 2014 Summary Report.


2013

"...In 2013, there were no fewer than 33 grain entrapment cases, 14 falls, 12 equipment entanglements (including augers), and 4 asphyxiations (Figure 4). Grain entrapments accounted for 49% of the documented cases. For incident types with more than one case, asphyxiations constituted the most dangerous with a reported 100% fatality rate, while grain entrapments ranked second with a 43% fatality rate. Again, it is believed that incidents involving being overcome by exposure to toxic environments are under-reported."

"The 33 grain entrapment cases represent a 65% increase in entrapments from 2012 when 20 entrapments were recorded. The previous three years (2009, 2010, and 2011) experienced 44, 59, and 32 documented cases respectively. The five-year average continues at a relatively high level of 37.6, slightly below the peak of 40.6 in 2011. Between 1994 and 2002, the five-year average decreased from a then-record of 32.0 recorded entrapments per year (1994) to 22.8 in 2002 (the lowest since 1987). Since 2002, however, the five-year average has increased steadily back to an average of 30.8 incidents per year in 2008, 34.2 in 2009, and 39.0 in 2010, and peaking in 2011 with 40.2 cases..."

For all details and information, see the full 2013 Summary Report.


Grain Entrapments

2012

"...Based upon the cases documented to date, no less than 19 grain entrapments occurred in 2012. This represents a 37% decrease in entrapments over 2011 when 30 entrapments were recorded. While this is not nearly the fewest number of entrapments ever documented, it is the least amount recorded since 1991 when no fewer than 17 entrapments were documented. The previous three years (2008, 2009 and 2010) experienced 33, 41 and 573 documented cases respectively. Due to increased publicity on grain entrapment cases and independent research conducted by National Public Radio (NPR)4 , over 80 additional cases were entered in the database along with the 2012 cases. This increase caused the 2010 numbers to increase from 51 to 57 cases and other years also experienced a 1-2 case increase. This highlights the point that the PACSID is a fluid database that continues to be updated as new cases from previous years are documented and entered..."

For all details and information, see the full 2012 Summary Report.

2011

"...Based upon the cases documented to date, no fewer than 27 fatal and non-fatal grain entrapments occurred in 2011 on farms and at commercial grain handling facilities. This represents a nearly 47% decrease in entrapments over 2010 when 51 entrapments were documented. While this is not the fewest number of entrapments ever documented, it is the least amount recorded since 2006 when 24 entrapments were identified. The 2011 total compared to 34, 38 and 51 cases documented during 2008, 2009 and 2010 respectively..."

For all details and information, see the full 2011 Summary Report.

2010

"...Based upon the cases documented to date, no less than 51 grain entrapments occurred in 2010. In addition, there was at least one reported incident of a first responder who required medical treatment due to respiratory issues occurring during a rescue and recovery operation. This is the highest number ever recorded; the previous highest number of cases occurred in 1993 when 42 were documented. The 2010 total compared to 33, 34 and 38 cases documented during 2007, 2008 and 2009 respectively..."

For all details and information, see the full 2010 Summary Report.

2009

"...Based upon the cases documented to date, no fewer than 38 grain entrapments occurred in 2009. This is the highest recorded number since 1993 when 42 were documented. The total compared to 33 and 34 cases documented during 2007 and 2008 respectively...."

For all details and information, see the full 2009 Summary Report.