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Wine Raspberry

Updated: April 19, 2007
Rubus phoenicolasius (Maxim)
Synonym: Japanese wineberry
Wineberry
Jil M. Swearingen, USDI National Park Service

 

Commodities Affected:
Forestry and Natural Areas

 

Threat:

Wine raspberry is a multi-stemmed, spiny, small shrub that invades open areas throughout the eastern United States. Wine raspberry invades moist, open areas such as fields, roadsides, forest margins, open forests, and prairies. It reproduces by seeds (which are readily dispersed by animals), root nodes, and new plants can grow from the canes touching the ground. It can form extensive, dense thickets that displace native vegetation and restrict light to the ground cover in open areas. Wine raspberry is native to eastern Asia and was first introduced into the United States in 1890 as breeding stock for new raspberry cultivars.

 

Distribution:

In 100 Years of Change in the Distribution of Common Indiana Weeds by William and Edith Overlease (2002) reported that wine raspberry was not found in Indiana in 1899 (Coulter’s Catalogue of Indiana Plants); however, in 1940 (Deam’s Flora), wine raspberry was found in Crawford, Jefferson, and Martin counties.  In Overlease (2002) wine raspberry was also found in Clark County.