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Star-of-Bethlehem

Ornithogalum umbellatum Linnaeus
Synonym: sleepydick

Star-of-Bethlehem
Larry Allain USDA-NRCS PLANTS Database

 

Commodities Affected:
Fruits and Vegetables, Miscellaneous and Human Health

 

Threat:

Star-Of-Bethlehem is a plant that grows from bulbs which are reproduced each year. It is sold as a spring-flowering garden plant. It does its growth early in the spring when the turf does not compete. It will die back to the bulb after flowering. Physical removal of the bulbs will reduce the plant over time. All parts of the plant are poisonous.

 

Distribution:

In 100 Years of Change in the Distribution of Common Indiana Weeds by William and Edith Overlease (2002) reported that Star-of-Bethlehem was recorded in the following Indiana counties in 1899 (Coulter’s Catalogue of Indiana Plants): Decatur, Delaware, Gibson, Jay, Jefferson, Posey, Randolph, Tippecanoe, Vigo and Wayne. Coulter noted that Star-of-Bethlehem was “in fields and meadows in the southern counties and sparingly escapes from cultivation elsewhere in the state.” In 1940 (Deam’s Flora) noted that “this species has been reported as an escape in many parts of the state.”  Deam recorded Star-of-Bethlehem in Dearborn, Harrison, Jasper, Jefferson, Lawrence, Marion, Montgomery, Perry, Posey, Putnam, Scott, Spencer, and Warrick.   In 2002, Overlease recorded that Star-of-Bethlehem was found in 91 counties in Indiana.  Star-of-Bethlehem was not found in Adams County.