Common pine shoot beetle hosts include all pine species. The beetle has been found in a variety of pine species in the United States. Scotch pine is the preferred host of common pine shoot beetle. Pine is the principle host tree for common pine shoot beetle. In the Great Lakes this beetle has demonstrated a preference for Scots pine but has also infected Red pine, Jack pine, Eastern white pine, and Austrian pine.
The most severe damage caused by the common pine shoot beetle is the destruction of shoots during maturation feeding. When shoot feeding is severe, tree height and diameter growth are reduced. Christmas trees attacked by this insect are unsightly because of dead shoots. Generally, the reproduction phase of the common pine shoot beetle in pine stumps, weakened trees, freshly cut logs or logging slash causes little damage. However there are reports of this insect attacking and killing apparently healthy trees in China and Poland. Transport of wood products or wooden packing material, dunnage or pallets containing bark strips can provide a means for introduction of immature stages (larvae and pupae) and adults.
In Indiana, 66 of the 92 counties are under quarantine for common pine shoot beetle: Adams, Allen, Bartholomew, Benton, Blackford, Boone, Brown, Carroll, Cass, Clinton, Dearborn, Decatur, DeKalb, Delaware, Elkhart, Fayette, Fountain, Franklin, Fulton, Grant, Hamilton, Hancock, Hendricks, Henry, Howard, Huntington, Jasper, Jay, Jennings, Johnson, Kosciusko, LaGrange, Lake, La Porte, Madison, Marion, Marshall, Miami, Monroe, Montgomery, Morgan, Newton, Noble, Owen, Parke, Porter, Pulaski, Putnam, Randolph, Ripley, Rush, St. Joseph, Shelby, Starke, Steuben, Tippecanoe, Tipton, Union, Vermillion, Vigo, Wabash, Warren, Wayne, Wells, White, and Whitely. In 2007, Switzerland County became the 67th county to be placed under quarantine for common pine shoot beetle.